Horse bit with crosses surrounded by a circle, similar to the Satsuma tribe crest (Kagoshima area). Jesuit missionaries upon first arriving in Japan wrote in detail about the various cross symbols they found in silk patterns, lacquer ware, paper amulets, etc. The symbol of a cross was sometimes used to ward off evil spirits or for magical powers. These symbols, along with other indigenous Japanese beliefs were similar to the teachings of Christianity, which caused the Jesuits to write about the possibility of primitive Christianity in Japan before their arrival. For some Jesuits, this was confirmed when the Keikyo Monument was discovered in China, confirming the presence of Christian communities throughout Asia in the 6th century or before. The Kirishtan Museum, Kyoto

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